Table tennis, commonly referred to as ping-pong and whiff-whaff, is a game in which two or four players use little sturdy rackets to strike a lightweight ball across a table back and forth. A net divides the hard table on which the game is played. Players must allow a ball hit toward them to bounce once on their side of the table and must return it so that it bounces at least once on the other side, with the exception of the first serve. When a player fails to return the ball in accordance with the rules, they are given a point. Play is brisk and necessitates quick responses. The ball’s altered trajectory and decreased alternatives due to spinning provide the hitter a significant edge.
The International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF), a global organization established in 1926, is in charge of overseeing table tennis. There are presently 226 member associations in the ITTF.  The ITTF manual contains the official table tennis rules.  Since 1988, table tennis has been an Olympic sport with a variety of event categories. These included men’s singles, women’s singles, men’s doubles, and women’s doubles from 1988 to 2004. The doubles has been replaced with a team event since 2008.
The table tennis official rules that we know today are set forth by the ITTF, who were the first to come up with a uniform rule that all countries would adopt. This rule is called “Table Tennis: The Official Rulebook” and it has been revised three times, most recently in 2003.
Today’s rackets are substantially different from those from the sport’s early years. The ITTF established the first set of regulations in 1959, mandating that all rackets be made of wood sandwiched between a thin layer of sponge and rubber.
Table tennis jargon you should understand
Finding any new sport may be rather intimidating, especially when there are so many unfamiliar terms. Fortunately, Table Tennis is a fairly easy game, so you only need to become familiar with the following terms:
Forehand: With your elbow pointed away from your opponent, you perform a forehand stroke on your stronger side.
Backhand: A shot made with the elbow pointed out to the side and the forearm perpendicular to your opponent from the non-dominant side.
Rally: A string of successful ball strikes by one or two players on each side of the table.
Let: Used when a point is halted and abandoned during a rally or when a ball strikes the net and rolls over onto the receivers side of the table during service.
Every time a player fails to effectively return the ball during a rally, they are awarded a point.
Equipment, rules, and play of the game
Equipment for table tennis is fairly basic and reasonably priced. The table is 30 inches (76 cm) above the floor and is rectangular, measuring 9 by 5 feet (2.7 by 1.5 metres) in size. The length of the net is 6 feet (1.8 meters), and its top edge extends 6 inches (15.25 cm) above the playing field along its entire length. The hollow, round ball was formerly created from white celluloid. A celluloid-like material has been used since 1969. The ball, which might be white, yellow, or orange, has a diameter of approximately 1.6 inches and weighs about 0.09 ounce (2.7 grams) (4 cm). The blade of a racket, or bat, is often constructed of wood, is flat and inflexible, and may be covered with a thin coating of common stippled, or pimpled, rubber. This rubber may be layered over a thin layer of sponge rubber, and the pimples may be positioned in either the forward or backward direction. Each of the two sides of a paddle must be a different color, regardless of the combination employed. Any form, weight, or size of racket is acceptable.
A match is made up of the best of any odd number of games, with each game going to the player who achieves 11 points first or who wins by two clear points after 10 points apiece. A point is awarded whenever the server provides poor service, either player provides poor returns, or both players engage in a specific offense (e.g., touches the playing surface with a free hand while the ball is in play). Up until 10-all, when it switches hands after every point, service is handed out every two points.
How playing table tennis is good for fitness
Playing table tennis can have a number of positive health and fitness benefits including:
•Improves aerobic fitness, increasing the amount of oxygen carried by the blood to the muscles for longer periods of time.
•Burns calories while supplying energy to the muscles and preventing fat storage.
•Improving tactical strategy development and flexibility reaction times, as table tennis is a fast-paced sport.
•Improves the hand-eye coordination needed for serving and returning shots while requiring focus.
•Builds the muscle mass and strength, especially the arm and leg muscles.
•Increases focus, awareness, and mental fortitude; matches frequently last a while, which helps support general brain function.
•Improves players’ agility and quickness on their feet.
•Improves social skills as friendships are frequently made as a result of a shared passion for this expanding area.
Topspin- This method involves starting the stroke underneath the ball and striking it upward and forward to hit the ball at a high rate of speed. Both a forehand and backhand topspin are possible.
Backspin- To use this trick, raise your hand above the ball and strike it downward so it bounces low and disappears right away (preventing the opponent from returning it).
Sidespin- The ball is hit sideways using this technique, changing its trajectory and complicating the shot by first bouncing on the server’s side of the table before moving to the receiver’s side.
Penhold grip- It is a grip where the player holds the racquet handle between the thumb and forefinger, much like how they would hold a pen.
Shakehand- The player holds the racquet handle in a manner akin to shaking hands; it is the most prevalent and simple grip.
What is special about Table Tennis?
There are millions of people who play table tennis every day, making it one of the fastest-growing sports in the world. In China alone, there are around 300 million table tennis players! There are nearly twice as many in every other nation.
I personally enjoy the sport since it is a one-on-one competition that depends on your own talent and capacity to defeat your opponent both strategically and psychologically. Table tennis is a game that is highly pleasurable at a pub with a few drinks. It can be really tough as well as incredibly fun to play. Aside from those few drinks, playing table tennis requires regular movement, which has many amazing health benefits.
It’s a sport that people may engage in for the rest of their lives as well because it places more emphasis on skill and strategy than it does on natural quickness or speed. I’ve competed (and lost) against opponents who are still going strong in their 80s.
With table tennis, you may play with friends at home or in the backyard, and there are also a lot of competitive tournaments that take place all over the world. Even if you never reach the level of the greatest table tennis players, it’s still a lot of fun to play the game.