Basketball is a game that is often played inside between two teams of five players each. By attempting hurling the ball through the opposing team’s goal, an elevated horizontal hoop and net known as a basket, each team attempts to score.

Basketball, the only significant sport with purely American roots, was created by James Naismith (1861–1939) on or around December 1, 1891, at the International Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA) Training School in Springfield, Massachusetts (now Springfield College), where Naismith was a physical education instructor.

Players move the ball forward by either passing it to a teammate or bouncing it while running or walking (dribbling), both of which require a high level of ability. Players can use a variety of shots on offense, such as layups, jump shots, and dunks. On defense, they can steal the ball from a player who is dribbling, intercept passes, or block shots. Finally, either the offense or the defense can grab rebounds, which are missed shots that rebound off the rim or backboard. It is against the rules to carry the ball, elevate or drag one’s pivot foot when not dribbling, or hold the ball in both hands before starting to dribble again.

There are five playing positions for each side’s five players. The center is typically the tallest player, the power forward is second tallest and strongest, the small forward is slightly shorter but more agile, and the shooting guard and point guard are the shortest players or best ball handlers. The point guard manages the execution of offensive and defensive plays to carry out the coach’s game plan (player positioning). Players can play one-on-one, two-on-two, and three-on-three informally.

Health benefits of basketball

There is a lot of starting and stopping in basketball. It is nevertheless a wonderful workout, even though it is not well known as an aerobic sport, and it can assist you:

•Burn calories (an hour of basketball can burn 630–750 calories)
•Build endurance
•Improve balance and coordination
•Develop concentration and self-discipline
•Build up muscle.

Other benefits of basketball

As well as being a great way to stay fit, basketball can also:

•Help you to make new friends and see them regularly teach you about being a good team player
•Be played by people of all ages and all abilities
•Be played all year round because it’s usually an indoor sport
•Be a fun game that kids of all levels and ages can enjoy
•Be practiced alone – all you need is a ball and a hoop (and you can find a hoop in most local parks and school grounds)
•Be played and enjoyed with as few as two people (although official games require 10 players).

A team scores two points when they make a basket, and the ball then goes to the other team.
A field goal or basket that is made outside of the three-point line is worth three points. The value of a free throw is one point.
Some formats that take into account the number of fouls committed in a half and/or the type of foul committed determine how many free throws a team receives.
Depending on where he was when he shot, a shooter who is fouled always receives two or three free throws. If he was outside the arc, he is entitled to three shots.
Other fouls (referred to as “team fouls”) do not result in free throws being issued until a predetermined amount have accumulated during a half.
When that amount is achieved, the fouled player is given a “1-and-1” opportunity. He gets to make a second try if his initial free throw is successful. The ball is still alive on the rebound if he misses the first shot.

Game Clock
All levels include two half, and each game is separated into portions.
Each half lasts twenty minutes in college.
The halves are broken into eight (and occasionally six) minute quarters at high school and lower. Quarters last twelve minutes in the pros.
The time between each half is several minutes. The intervals between quarters are generally brief.
At the conclusion of regular, if the score is tied, extra sessions of varying lengths are played until a victor is determined.

Fouls and Violations
In addition to stealing the ball from an opposing player, there are other ways for a team to get the ball.

Personal fouls: Personal fouls include any type of illegal physical contact.

Illegal pick/screen- while a guy on the offensive is moving. when an offensive player extends an arm or other body part toward a defender in an effort to block the defender’s progress.

Personal foul penalties: If a player is fouled while shooting, he will receive two free throws if his shot misses the basket but just one free throw if it makes it.

•If a player gets fouled while attempting a three-point shot and their shot is unsuccessful, they are given three free throws. A player receives one free throw if he is fouled while attempting a three-point shot and succeeds regardless. He may thus convert the play for four points.
•Inbounds. If a foul is committed while not shooting, the team that the foul was committed against receives the ball. They are out of bounds when they receive the ball at the nearest sideline or baseline, and they have five seconds to pass it onto the court.
• One and one The player who was fouled receives one free throw if the team committing the foul has seven or more fouls in the contest. He gets another free throw if his initial attempt is successful.
•Ten fouls or more. The player who was fouled is awarded two free throws if the team that committed the foul has ten or more fouls.

Charging. A player pushing or running over a defensive player commits an offensive foul. The team on which the foul was committed receives the ball.

Blocking. Blocking occurs when a defender fails to take up position in time to stop an opponent from driving to the basket, resulting in unlawful personal contact.

Flagrant foul. violent interaction with a foe. Punching, kicking, and hitting are all included in this. The offense keeps control of the ball after the free throws are made in addition to receiving free throws for this kind of foul.

Intentional foul. when a player bumps into another player without making any attempt to take the ball. The decision-making rests with the authorities.

Technical foul. This kind of foul can be committed by a player or a coach. It is on the “manners” of the game rather than player contact or the ball. Technical aspects like incorrectly filling out the scorebook or dunking during warm-ups can be called technical fouls, as can foul language, profanity, obscene gestures, and even argument.


Walking/Traveling. Traveling is taking more than “a step and a half” without dribbling the ball. When you stop dribbling, you are traveling with your pivot foot.

Carrying/palming. when a player dribbles the ball too far to the side or occasionally even under the ball with his hand.

Double Dribble. A double dribble is when you dribble with both hands on the ball at the same time or pick up the dribble and start dribbling again.

Held ball. On occasion, the ball will be in the possession of two or more opponents simultaneously. The referee halts play and alternately awards the ball to each team in order to prevent a protracted and/or violent battle.

Goaltending. It is goaltending and the shot counts if a defensive player blocks a shot as it is moving toward the basket, as it is moving toward the basket after touching the backboard, or as it is in the cylinder above the rim. When an offensive player violates the rules, the other side receives the ball for a throw-in.

Backcourt violation. The offense is not permitted to cross the mid-court line again while in possession once they have brought the ball across it. If they do, the other team receives the ball to pass inbounds.

Time restrictions. A player who is inbounding the ball gets five seconds to pass it. If not, the opposing team receives possession of the ball. A player cannot possess the ball for longer than five seconds when being tightly guarded, and in some states and levels, shot-clock rules that mandate that a team attempt a shot within a certain amount of time are in place.